Climate change is clearly a threat to both our present and our future, but did you know that it was also a threat to our shared past?
A study published Tuesday in Nature Communications looked at 49 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites in the coastal Mediterranean and found that 37 are already at risk from a 100-year flooding event and 42 are at risk from coastal erosion.
Some of the most at-risk sites include Venice in Italy and Tyre in Lebanon.
“Heritage sites face many challenges to adapt to the effects of sea level rise, as it changes the value and ‘spirit of place’ for each site,” study co-author and University of Southampton senior researcher Sally Brown told AFP.
The researchers looked at the sites’ risk level from flood and erosion through 2100 following four different emissions scenarios, from limiting warming to two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels to a business-as-usual scenario with warming of three to four degrees Celsius by 2100. Under the worst-case scenario, the number of sites at risk for flood increased to 40 of 49, and the number at risk for erosion increased to 46. Overall, they found that flood risk across the region could increase by 50 percent by 2100 and erosion risk by 13 percent.
Researchers hoped their results would help policy makers craft adaptations to protect these iconic sites.
Read more: Eco Watch