Legislation in the field of energy enlists laws, by-laws, draft documents, strategies and regulations, reports, proposals, etc. passed in the aim of developing energy and energy stability, as well as the harmonization with the European laws. The aim of each newly revised document is a more efficient implementation of laws.
The Law on Energy was adopted in December 2014 (announced in „Official Gazette of RS“ No. 145/2014).
This Law regulates the goals of energy policy and the manner of its implementation, the conditions for a reliable, safe and quality of delivery of electricity and fuels, conditions for the safe supply of customers, protection of energy customers, conditions and manner of performing energy activities, requirements for the construction of new energy facilities, status and scope of the Energy Agency of the Republic of Serbia (hereinafter: the Agency), renewable energy use, stimulus measures and guarantees of origin, organization and functioning of the electricity, natural gas and petroleum and petroleum products markets, the rights and obligations of participants in the market , the establishment of property rights on the networks of operators of the system, and monitoring of the implementation of this law.
This law regulates the production, distribution and supply of thermal energy as an energy activity.
(Article 1 of the the Law on Energy)
Long-term goals of energy policy of the Republic of Serbia are focused on reliability, safety, quality, security, sustainable development, competitiveness, transparency, improvement and development. Important energy goals include:
- ensuring the conditions for improvement of energy efficiency in performing energy-related business activities and energy consumption,
- creating of economic, industrial and financial conditions for energy production from renewable energy sources and combined production of electrical and thermal energy,
- improving of environmental protection in all areas of the energy industry.
“Energy policy is developed and implemented in details by the Energy Development Strategy of the Republic of Serbia (Strategy), Strategy Implementation Program (Program) and the Energy Balance of the Republic of Serbia (Energy Balance).
The Government, in accordance with the Strategy and the Program, adopts national action plans that more closely define developmental goals and measures for their implementation.”
(Article 3 of the TheLaw on Energy)
The Law on efficient use of energy (03/15/2013) regulates, among other things, determines the conditions and ways of efficient use of energy and energy resources in the sector of transmission production, distribution and energy consumption; the policy of efficient energy use, incentive measures, minimum requirements of energy efficiency (EE), etc. Energy stability (secure energy supply and its efficient use), the increase in the industry competitiveness, the reduction of the negative impact of energetics on the environment and the encouragement of the responsible behavior towards energy is achieved by a more efficient use of energy.
The basic principles on which the efficient use of energy are established, besides energy security and competitiveness of goods and services, are the sustainable use of energy, management of consumption, economic viability, and the minimum EE requirements for new or reconstructed facilities.
This law is applied to business entities, the public sector, buildings, households, transportation and other energy consumers defined by this law.
The Law on the efficient use of energy comes into force as of January 2015, while by that date, the local administrations of municipalities with more than 20,000 inhabitants are obliged to set objectives to improve energy efficiency and to submit the Program of energy efficiency improvement.
Law on urban planning and construction (came into force as of May 2013.). It sets the terms and ways of spatial planning, urban management and use of building land and the construction of objects, supervision over implementation of law provisions and the inspection and other important issues for spatial planning and management, arrangements and the use of building land and for the construction of objects. The current Law on planning and construction simplifies the procedures for obtaining building permits, and it has replaced four laws, namely the Law on spatial and urban planning and development, the Law on building land, the Law on construction and the Law on legalization.
Among other things, the Law on planning and construction also regulates the energy capacity of a facility, that is, the improvement of energy efficiency with an aim of reducing energy consumption of all energy types, energy savings and ensuring the sustainable construction by applying technical measures, standards and planning requirements, the design, construction and use of facilities. Stipulated energy properties of a facility are verified by issuing of certificates of facility energy properties which are an integral part of technical documentation that has to be submitted when filing the request for Permit for the Use of the facility.