Costa Rica is ambitious when it comes to reducing greenhouse gas emissions: the Central American country aims to be carbon-neutral by 2021. This will be achieved with various projects, including one on the Nicoya peninsula. A report from the magazine akzente explains how.
Costa Rica aims to plant 5,000 mangroves per hectare on Nicoya. The deep roots of the trees strengthen the soil along the coast and provide habitat for many animals. Working on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB), the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH has been helping the country since 2014 to adapt to the impacts of climate change.
The German company Ristic, which exports organic shrimp from Costa Rica, is financing the planting of the mangroves on Nicoya. The company’s involvement in reforestation is driven by environmental and business interests: the project is recognised as environmental compensation for shrimp production, and this in turn is necessary for organic certification.